The fig, “Ficus carica” in Latin, is native of Asia Minor. Evidences of its cultivation were found in the very first agricultural civilization in Palestine and Egypt, from where it has spreads all around the Mediterranean basin. Often defined as “Mediterranean fig”, it’s actually native to the Caucasus and the Black Sea.
The fig tree has wild origins, it can reach a height up to 10 meters and produces a fruit suitable for either fresh consumption and drying.
The fig tree has two symbolic aspects: fertility and the bounty of Nature.
- In the Greek-Roman mythology, the fig tree was the symbol of the male power, related to Bacchus (Dionysus), Zeus (Jupiter) and Priam.
- The fig tree is revered among the Hindu people for giving shelter to the birth of Vishnu
- The fig tree is significant in Buddhism because it represents the sacred tree of Bodhi (spiritual enlightenment in the Buddhist religion) under which, in fact, Buddha attained the enlightenment.